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Изменчивость уровня неопределенности в экономике

https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-4-30-55

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Аннотация

В работе рассматривается, как меняется уровень экономической неопределенности и почему это происходит на разных стадиях делового цикла. Уровни и макроэкономической, и микроэкономической неопределенности резко возрастают в периоды рецессий и снижаются в периоды бумов. Кроме того, для развивающихся стран характерны более высокие уровни неопределенности по сравнению с развитыми странами. Рассматриваются также влияние колебаний уровня неопределенности на поведение экономических агентов и вопрос о том, усугубила ли высокая неопределенность Великую рецессию и замедлила ли восстановление. Большая часть этой дискуссии основывается на исследованиях неопределенности, проведенных в последние пять лет, что отражает недавний всплеск интереса к этой теме в научной литературе.

Об авторе

Н. Блум
Стэнфордский университет (Стэнфорд, США); Национальное бюро экономических исследований (Кембридж, США); Лондонская школа экономики и Центр изучения экономической политики (Лондон, Великобритания)
Соединённые Штаты Америки
проф. экономики Стэнфордского университета (Стэнфорд, США); содиректор Программы изучения производительности, Национальное бюро экономических исследований (Кембридж, США); научный сотрудник Центра изучения экономической эффективности, Лондонская школа экономики и Центра изучения экономической политики (Лондон, Великобритания)


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Для цитирования:


Блум Н. Изменчивость уровня неопределенности в экономике. Вопросы экономики. 2016;(4):30-55. https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-4-30-55

For citation:


Bloom N. Fluctuations in uncertainty. Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2016;(4):30-55. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-4-30-55

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ISSN 0042-8736 (Print)