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Внутриотраслевая и межотраслевая торговля в контексте сравнительных и абсолютных преимуществ

https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-10-112-128

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Аннотация

В статье показана важность факторов сравнительных и абсолютных преимуществ в формировании межотраслевой и внутриотраслевой торговли на основе подробного обзора научных исследований. Продемонстрировано, что внутриотраслевая торговля объясняется не столько факторами, описываемыми в моделях с возрастающей отдачей от масштаба (классический взгляд), сколько технологическими факторами. Абсолютные преимущества, которые долго игнорировались в моделях международной торговли, имеют большое значение в сочетании с качеством товаров и диверсификацией экспорта. В статье также освещается новое направление моделирования торговли, учитывающее негомотетичность предпочтений.

Об авторе

А. А. Гнидченко
Центр макроэкономического анализа и краткосрочного прогнозирования (ЦМАКП); Институт народнохозяйственного прогнозирования РАН; НИУ ВШЭ
Россия
к. э. н., ведущий эксперт Центра макроэкономического анализа и краткосрочного прогнозирования (ЦМАКП), м.  н. с. Института народнохозяйственного прогнозирования РАН, н. с. НИУ ВШЭ (Москва)


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Для цитирования:


Гнидченко А.А. Внутриотраслевая и межотраслевая торговля в контексте сравнительных и абсолютных преимуществ. Вопросы экономики. 2016;(10):112-128. https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-10-112-128

For citation:


Gnidchenko A. Intra-industry and inter-industry trade through the lens of comparative and absolute advantage. Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2016;(10):112-128. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2016-10-112-128

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