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О научном статусе экономической политики: повесть об альтернативных парадигмах

https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2009-6-24-47

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Аннотация

В статье рассматриваются и сравниваются два современных подхода к научному обоснованию экономической политики. Первый подход относится к мейнстриму и связан с построением моделей динамического стохастического общего равновесия для анализа делового цикла и экзогенных монетарных шоков. Второй подход, который авторы считают более предпочтительным, - это построение «агентных моделей» (agent-based models), в рамках которых принимаются более реалистичные предпосылки о поведении и взаимодействии агентов, не описывается равновесие, не ищется аналитическое решение, а осуществляются компьютерные симуляции. В статье содержится критика равновесного подхода, представлены некоторые результаты применения агентных моделей для анализа экономической политики, а также кратко охарактеризованы трудности, связанные с применением этой новой парадигмы.

Об авторах

Д. Фаджиоло
Школа фундаментальных исследований Св. Анны
Италия
доцент лаборатории экономики и менеджмента


А. Ровентини
Университет Вероны
Италия
доцент факультета экономики 


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Для цитирования:


Фаджиоло Д., Ровентини А. О научном статусе экономической политики: повесть об альтернативных парадигмах. Вопросы экономики. 2009;(6):24-47. https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2009-6-24-47

For citation:


Fagiolo G., Roventini A. On the Scientific Status of Economic Policy: A Tale of Alternative Paradigms. Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2009;(6):24-47. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2009-6-24-47

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