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Углеродное регулирование в ЕС и российский сырьевой экспорт

https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2022-1-90-109

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Аннотация

В 2026 г. ЕС вводит механизм трансграничного углеродного регулирования (Сarbon Border Adjustment Mechanism, СВАМ). Опубликованные оценки возможных потерь от его введения для России оказались существенно завышенными, статичными, не имеющими прямого отношения к изменению доходов российских экспортеров. Цель данной работы — оценить возможные последствия внедрения объявленного ЕС проекта конструкции СВАМ для российского экспорта сырьевых товаров. СВАМ запускает процесс снижения углеродоемкости промышленной продукции, его аутсайдеры теряют доходы за счет сокращения их рыночных ниш. При замораживании углеродоемкости российский экспорт СВАМ-товаров постепенно сжимается, и потери доходов, малые сначала, постепенно могут превратиться в большие. Однако при активной политике стимулирования снижения выбросов ПГ в российской промышленности потерь можно избежать и даже получить дополнительные экспортные доходы.

Об авторе

И. А. Башмаков
Центр энергоэффективности - XXI век
Россия

Башмаков Игорь Алексеевич, д. э. н., генеральный директор

Москва



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Башмаков И.А. Углеродное регулирование в ЕС и российский сырьевой экспорт. Вопросы экономики. 2022;(1):90-109. https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2022-1-90-109

For citation:


Bashmakov I.A. CBAM and Russian export. Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2022;(1):90-109. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2022-1-90-109

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