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Economic effects of monetary policy in Russia: What do large datasets tell us?

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Is the Bank of Russia able to control inflation and, at the same time, manage aggregate demand using its interest rate instruments? In other words, are empirical estimates of the effects of monetary policy in Russia consistent with the theoretical concepts and experience of advanced economies? This paper is aimed at addressing these issues. Unlike previous research, we employ “big data” — a large dataset of macroeconomic and financial data — to estimate the effects of monetary policy in Russia. We focus exclusively on the period after the 2008—2009 global financial crisis when the Bank of Russia announced the abandoning of its fixed ruble exchange rate regime and started to gradually transit to an interest rate management. Our estimation results do not confirm standard responses of key economic activity and price variables to tightening of monetary policy. Specifically, our estimates do not reveal a statistically significant restraining effect of the Bank of Russia’s policy of high interest rates on inflation in recent years. At the same time, we find a significant deteriorating effect of the monetary tightening on economic activity indicators: according to our conservative estimates, each of the key rate increases occurred in March and December 2014 had led to a decrease in the industrial production index by about 0.2 percentage points within a year.

About the Authors

Anna A. Pestova
MGIMO University (Moscow, Russia); CERGE-EI (Prague, Czech Republic)
Russian Federation

Natalia A. Rostova
LUISS Guido Carli


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For citation:

Pestova A.A., Rostova N.A. Economic effects of monetary policy in Russia: What do large datasets tell us? Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2020;(4):31-53. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 0042-8736 (Print)